Publications

2020

Iddon, F., Edmonds, M. (2020)  Volatile-Rich Magmas Distributed Through the Upper Crust in the Main Ethiopian Rift  Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 21,   DOI: 10.1029/2019GC008904   

Temtime, T., Biggs, J., Lewi, E., Ayele, A.(2020) Evidence for Active Rhyolitic dike Intrusion in the Northern Main Ethiopian Rift from the 2015 Fentale Seismic Swarm   Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 21    DOI: 10.1029/2019GC008550   

2019

Chambers, E. L., Harmon, N., Keir, D., Rychert, C. A. (2019). Using ambient noise to image the northern East African Rift. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 2091–2109.  DOI: 10.1029/2018GC008129

Clarke B., Calder, E.S., Dessalegn, F., Fontijn, K., Cortés, J. A., Naylor, M., Butler, I., Hutchison, W., Yirgu, G. (2019). Fluidal pyroclasts reveal the intensity of peralkaline rhyolite pumice cone eruptions, Nature Communications, 10. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09947-8

Corti, G., Cioni, R., Francheschini, Z., Sani, F., Scaillet, S., Molin, P., Isola, I., Mazzarini, F., Brune, S., Keir, D., Erbello, A., Muluneh, A., Illsley-Kemp, F., Glerum, A. (2019). Aborted propagation of the Ethiopian rift caused by linkage with the Kenyan rift, Nature Communications, 10, 1309.  DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09335-2

Greenfield, T., Keir, D., Kendall, J-M., Ayele, A. (2019). Seismicity of the Bora–Tullu-Moye volcanic field, 2016-2017. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 20, 548-570.  DOI: 10.1029/2018GC007648

Greenfield, T., Keir, D., Kendall, J-M., Ayele, A. (2019). Low-frequency earthquakes beneath Tullu Moye volcano, Ethiopia, reveal fluid pulses from shallow magma chamber. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 526, [115782]. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115782

Hunt, J., Pyle, D., Mather, T. (2019). The geomorphology, structure, and lava flow dynamics of peralkaline rift volcanoes from high‐resolution digital elevation models. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 1508–1538. DOI: 10.1029/2018GC008085

Iddon F., Jackson C., Hutchison W., Fontijn K., Pyle D., Mather T., Yirgu G., Edmonds M. (2019). Mixing and crystal scavenging in the Main Ethiopian Rift revealed by trace element systematics in feldspars and glasses. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 230-59,  DOI: 10.1029/2018GC007836

Kibret, B. A., Ayele, A., & Keir, D. (2019). Crustal thickness estimates beneath four seismic stations in Ethiopia inferred from p-wave receiver function studies. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 150, 264-271. DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2018.11.005

Lavayssiere, A., Drooff, C., Ebinger, C., Gallacher, R., Illsley-Kemp, F., Oliva, S. J., Keir, D. (2019).  Depth extent and kinematics of faulting in the southern Tanganyika rift, Africa. Tectonics, 38, 842-862.  DOI: 10.1029/2018TC005379

Lavayssiere, A., Greenfield, T., Keir, D., Ayele, A., Kendall, J-M. (2019). Local seismicity near the actively deforming Corbetti volcano in the Main Ethiopian Rift. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research381, 227-237. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.06.008

Moore, C., Wright, T., Hooper, A., Biggs, J. (2019). The 2017 Eruption of Erta 'Ale Volcano, Ethiopia: Insights Into the Shallow Axial Plumbing System of an Incipient Mid‐Ocean Ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 5727-5743.  DOI: 10.1029/2019GC008692

Pagli, C., Yun, S-H., Ebinger, C., Keir, D., Wang, H. (2019). Strike-slip tectonics during rift linkage. Geology, 47, 31-34. DOI: 10.1130/G45345.1

Tierz, P., Loughlin, S.C., Calder, E.S. (2019). VOLCANS: an objective, structured, reproducible method for identifying sets of analogue volcanoes, Bulletin of Volcanology, 81: 76.  DOI: 10.1007/s00445-019-1336-3

2018

Tadesse, A., Ayalew, D., Pik, R., Yirgu, G., Fontijn, K. (2018). Magmatic evolution of the Boku Volcanic Complex, Main Ethiopian Rift. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 149, 109-130   DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2018.08.003

Bastow, I. D., Booth, A. D., Corti, G., Keir, D., Magee, C., Jackson, C. A-L., Lascialfari, M. (2018). The development of late-stage continental breakup: seismic reflection and borehole evidence from the Danakil Depression, Ethiopia. Tectonics, 37, 2848–2862.  DOI: 10.1029/2017TC004798

Birhanu, Y., Wilks, M., Biggs, J., Kendall, M., Ayele, A., Lewi, E. (2018). Seasonal patterns of seismicity and deformation at the Alutu geothermal reservoir, Ethiopia, induced by hydrological loading. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 356,175-182.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2018.03.008

Corti, G., Molin, P., Sembroni, A., Bastow, I. D., Keir, D. (2018). Control of pre-rift lithospheric structure on the architecture and evolution of continental rifts: insights from the Main Ethiopian Rift, East Africa. Tectonics, 37, 477-496. DOI: 10.1002/2017TC004799

Fontijn, K., McNamara, K.,Tadesse, A., Pyle, D., Dessalegn, F., Hutchison, W., Mather, T., Yirgu, G. (2018). Contrasting styles of post-caldera volcanism along the Main Ethiopian Rift: Implications for contemporary volcanic hazards. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 356, 90-113. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2018.02.001

Hall, T. R., Nixon, C., Keir, D., Burton, P. W., Ayele, A. (2018). Earthquake clustering and energy release of the African–Arabian rift system. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108 (1), 155-162. DOI: 10.1785/0120160343

Hübert, J., Whaler, K., Fisseha, S. (2018). The electrical structure of the Central Main Ethiopian Rift as imaged by magnetotellurics: Implications for magma storage and pathways. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123, 6019-6032. DOI: 10.1029/2017JB015160

Hutchison, W., Mather, T., Pyle, D., Boyce, A., Gleeson, M., Yirgu, G., Blundy, J., Ferguson, D., Vye-Brown, C., Millar, I., Sims, K., Finch, A. (2018). The evolution of magma during continental rifting: new constraints from the isotopic and trace element signatures of silicic magmas from Ethiopian volcanoes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 489, 203-218.  DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.02.027

Illsley-Kemp, F., Keir, D., Bull, J., Gernon, T., Ebinger, C., Hammond, J., Belachew, M. (2018). Seismicity during continental breakup in the Red Sea rift of Northern Afar. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 1-18. DOI: 10.1002/2017JB014902 

Illsley-Kemp, F., Greenfield, T., Keir, D. (2018). Seismic anisotropy reveals a dynamic link between adjacent magmatic segments prior to dyke Intrusion. Journal of Geophysical Research123, 1-17. DOI: 10.1029/2018JB016420

Illsley-Kemp, F., Bull, J., Keir, D., Gerya, T., Pagli, C., Gernon, T., Ayele, A., ... Kendall, J-M. (2018). Initiation of a proto-transform fault prior to seafloor spreading. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems19(12), 4744-4756. DOI: 10.1029/2018GC007947

Lavayssiere, A., Rychert, C., Harmon, N., Keir, D., Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Leroy, S. (2018). Imaging lithospheric discontinuities beneath the northern East African Rift using S‐to‐P receiver functions. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 19, 4048-4062  DOI:. 10.1029/2018GC007463

Lloyd, R., Biggs, J., Wilks, M., Nowacki, A., Kendall, J.M., Ayele, A., Lewi, E., Eysteinsson, H. (2018). Evidence for cross rift structural controls on deformation and seismicity at a continental rift caldera. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 487, 90-200. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.01.037

Lloyd, R., Biggs, J., Birhanu, Y., Wilks, M., Gottsmann, J., Kendall, J. M., ..., Eysteinsson, H. (2018). Sustained uplift at a continental rift caldera. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123(6), 5209-5226. DOI: 10.1029/2018JB015711

Magee, C., Stevenson, C., Ebmeier, S., Keir, D., Hammond, J., Gottsmann, J., Whaler, K., ..., Jackson, M. (2018). Magma Plumbing Systems: A Geophysical Perspective. Journal of Petrology, 59, 1217–1251. DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egy064  

McNamara, K., Cashman, K.V., Rust, A.C., Fontijn, K., Chalie, F., Tomlinson, E.L., Yirgu, G. (2018). Using Lake Sediment Cores to Improve Records of Volcanism at Aluto Volcano in the Main Ethiopian Rift. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 19, 3164-3188.  DOI: 10.1029/2018GC007686       

Muluneh, A.A., Kidane, T., Corti, G., Keir, D. (2018). Constraints on fault and crustal strength of the Main Ethiopian Rift from formal inversion of earthquake focal mechanism data. Tectonophysics, 731-732, 172-180.  DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2018.03.010

del Marmol, M., Fontijn, K., Atanga, M., Njome, S., Mafany, G., Tenning, A., Wantim, M., Fonge, B., Che, V., Festus, A., Ernst,G., Suh, E., Jacobs, P., Kervyn, M. (2018). Investigating the management of geological hazards and risks in the Mt Cameroon area using Focus Group Discussions. In: Bird D, Jolly G, Haynes K, McGuire B, Fearnley C (eds) Volcanic Crisis Communication: Observing the Volcano World. Springer IAVCEI series Advances in Volcanology,  pp 373-394.  DOI: 10.1007/11157_2017_3

Siegburg, M., Gernon, T. M., Bull, J. M., Keir, D., Barfod, D. N., Taylor, R. N., Ayele, A. (2018). Geological evolution of the Boset-Bericha Volcanic Complex, Main Ethiopian Rift: 40Ar/39Ar evidence for episodic Pleistocene to Holocene volcanism. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 351, 115-133.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.12.014

Tadesse, A., Ayalew, D., Pik, R., Yirgu, G., Fontijn, K. (2018). Magmatic evolution of the Boku Volcanic Complex, Main Ethiopian Rift. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 149, 109-130   DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2018.08.003

Tepp, G., Ebinger, C. J., Zal, H., Gallacher, R., Accardo, N. J., Shillington, D. J., Keir, D., Kamihanda, G. (2018). Seismic anisotropy of the upper mantle below Western rift, East Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. DOI: 10.1029/2017JB015409

2017

Braddock, M., Biggs. J., Watson, I., Hutchison, W., Pyle, D., Mather, T. (2017). Satellite observations of fumarole activity at Aluto volcano, Ethiopia: implications for geothermal monitoring and volcanic hazard, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.05.006

Ebinger, C., Keir, D., Bastow, I., Whaler, K., Hammond, J., Ayele, A., Miller, M., Tiberi, C., Hautot, S. (2017). Crustal structure of active deformation zones in Africa: Implications for global crustal processes. Tectonics. 36, 3298-3332. DOI: 10.1002/2017TC004526  

Gleeson, M., Stock, M., Pyle, D., Mather, T., Hutchison, W., Yirgu, G., Wade, J. (2017). Constraining magma storage conditions at a restless volcano in the Main Ethiopian Rift using phase equilibria models, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 337, 44-61. Download accepted manuscript (pdf)

Goitom, B., Werner, M. J., Goda, K., Kendall, J., Hammond, J. O. S., Ogubazghi, G., ... Illsley-Kemp, F. (2017). Probabilistic seismic‐hazard assessment for Eritrea. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 107(3), 1478-1494.  DOI: 10.1785/0120160210   

Hodgson, I., Illsley-Kemp, F., Gallacher, R. J., Keir, D., Ebinger, C. J., Mtelela, K. (2017). Crustal structure at a young continental rift: a receiver function study from the Tanganyika Rift. Tectonics, 1-31. DOI: 10.1002/2017TC004477   

Illsley-Kemp, F., Savage, M. K., Keir, D., Hirschberg, H. P., Bull, J. M., Gernon, T., Hammond, J.O.S., Kendall, J.M., Ayele, A., Goitom, B. (2017). Extension and stress during continental breakup: seismic anisotropy of the crust in Northern Afar. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 477, 41-51.   DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.08.014

Illsley-Kemp, F., Keir, D., Bull, J., Ayele, A., Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Gernon, T., Goitom, B. (2017). Local earthquake magnitude scale and b-value for the Danakil region of Northern Afar. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 107(2), 521-531.  DOI: 10.1785/0120150253   

Hunt, J.A., Zafu, A., Mather, T.A.,Pyle, D.M., Barry, P.H. (2017).  Spatially variable CO2 degassing in the Main Ethiopian Rift: Implications for magma storage, volatile transport and rift-related emissions, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 18, 3714-3737.  DOI: 10.1002/2017GC006975

2016

 
Ahmed, A., Doubre, C., Leroy, S., Mohamed, K., Keir, D., Ahmadine, A., Perrot, J., Audin, L., Vergne, J., Nercessian, A., Jacques, E., Khanbari, K., Sholan, J., Rolandone, F., Alganad, I. (2016). Seafloor spreading event in western Gulf of Aden during the November 2010 - March 2011 period captured by regional seismic networks: Evidence for diking events and interactions with a nascent transform zone. Geophysical Journal International, 205, (2), 1244–1266. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggw068 

Biggs, J., Robertson, E., Kashman, K. (2016). The lateral extent of volcanic interactions during unrest and eruption. Nature Geoscience, 9, 308-311.  DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2658 

Gallacher, R., Keir, D., Harmon, N., Stuart, G., Leroy, S., Hammond, J., Kendall, J., Ayele, A., Goitom, B., Ogubazghi, G., Ahmed, A. (2016). The initiation of segmented buoyancy-driven melting during continental breakup. Nature Communications 7.  DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13110  

Hutchison, W., Fusillo, R., Pyle, D., Mather, T., Blundy, J., Biggs, J., Yirgu, G., Cohen, B., Brooker, R., Barfod, D., Calvert, A. (2016).  A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans, Nature Communications 7. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13192   

Hutchison, W., Biggs, J., Mather, T., Pyle, D., Lewi, E., Yirgu, G., Caliro, S., Chiodini, G., Clor, L., Fischer, T. (2016) Causes of unrest at silicic calderas in the East African Rift: New constraints from InSAR and soil-gas chemistry at Aluto volcano, Ethiopia Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems,   DOI: 10.1002/2016GC006395         

Poppe, S., Smets, B., Fontijn, K., Rukeza, M., Migabo, A., Milungu, A., Namogo, D., Kervyn, F., Kervyn, M. (2016). Holocene phreatomagmatic eruptions alongside the densely populated northern shoreline of Lake Kivu, East-African Rift: timing and hazard implications. Bulletin of Volcanology 78: 82. Download accepted manuscript (pdf). DOI:  10.1007/s00445-016-1074-8

Robertson, E.A.M., Biggs, J., Cashman, K.V., Floyd, M.A., Vye-Brown, C. (2016). Influence of regional tectonics and pre-existing structures on the formation of elliptical calderas in the Kenyan Rift. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 420, SP420-12   DOI: 10.1144/SP420.12 

Vye-Brown, C., Sparks, R.S.J., Lewi, E., Mewa, G., Asrat, A., Loughlin, S.C., Mee, K., Wright, T.J. (2016).  Ethiopian volcanic hazards: a changing research landscape. In: Wright, T. J., Ayele, A., Ferguson, D. J., Kidane, T. & Vye-Brown, C. (eds) Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 420, pp.SP420-16. DOI: 10.1144/SP420.16 

 

2015 

Ayele, A., Ebinger, C.J., van Alstyne, C., Keir, D., Nixon, C.W., Belachew, M., Hammond, J.O.S. (2015) In 'Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism', Wright, T.J., Ayele, A., Ferguson, D.J., Kidane, T., Vye-Brown, C. (eds.) Seismicity of the central Afar rift and implications for Tendaho dam hazards. Geological Society London Special Publications, 420.   DOI: 10.1144/SP420.9 

Barnie, T.D., Keir, D., Hamling, I., Hofmann, B., Belachew, M., Carn, S., Eastwell, D., Hammond, J.O.S., Ayele, A., Oppenheimer, C. (2015) In 'Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism', Wright, T.J., Ayele, A., Ferguson, D.J., Kidane, T. and Vye-Brown, C. (eds.) A multidisciplinary study of the final episode of the Manda Hararo dyke sequence, Ethiopia, and implications for trends in volcanism during the rifting cycle. Geological Society London Special Publications, 420.  DOI:  10.1144/SP420.6  

Civiero, C., Hammond, J.O.S., Goes, S., Fishwick, S., Ahmed, A., Ayele, A., Doubre, C., Goitom, B., Keir, D., Michael, J., Leroy, S., Ogubazghi, G., Rumpker, G., Stuart, G.W. (2015) Multiple mantle upwellings in the transition zone beneath the northern East-African Rift system from relative P-wave travel-time tomography. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 16, (9), 2949-2968.  DOI:  10.1002/2015GC005948  

Corti, G., Agostini, A., Keir, D., van Wijk, J., Bastow, I.D., Ranalli, G. (2015) Magma-induced axial subsidence during final-stage rifting: Implications for the development of seaward-dipping reflectors. Geosphere, 11.  DOI:  10.1130/GES01076.1

Goitom, B., Oppenheimer, C., Hammond, J.O.S., Grandin, R., Barnie, T., Donovan, A., Ogubazghi, G., Yohannes, E., Kibrom, G., Kendall, J-M., Carn, S.A., Fee, D., Sealing, C., Keir, D., Ayele, A., Blundy, J., Hamlyn, J., Wright, T., Berhe, S. (2015) First recorded eruption of Nabro volcano, Eritrea, 2011 Bulletin of Volcanology, 77, (10), Art.85 (Open Access) doi:10.1007/s00445-015-0966-3 

Hutchison, W., Mather, T.A., Pyle, D.M., Biggs, J., Yirgu, G. (2015) Structural controls on fluid pathways in an active rift system: A case study of the Aluto volcanic complex, Geosphere, 11.  DOI:  10.1130/GES01119.1 

Johnson, N.E., Whaler, K.A., Hautot, S., Fisseha, S., Desissa, M., Dawes, G.J.K. (2015) In 'Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism', Wright, T.J., Ayele, A., Ferguson, D.J., Kidane, T. and Vye-Brown, C. (eds.) (2015) Magma imaged magnetotellurically beneath an active and an inactive magmatic segment in Afar, Ethiopia. Geological Society London Special Publications, 420.  DOI: 10.1144/SP420.11.

Keir, D., Bastow, I.D., Corti, G., Mazzarini, F. and Rooney, T.O. (2015) The origin of along-rift variations in faulting and magmatism in the Ethiopian rift. Tectonics, 1-44.  DOI: 10.1002/2014TC003698

Korostelev, F., Weemstra, C., Leroy, S., Boschi, L., Keir, D., Ren, Y., Molinari, I., Ahmed, A., Stuart, G.W., Rolandone, F., Khanbari, K., Hammond, J.O.S., Kendall, J-M., Doubre, C., Al Ganad, I., Goitom, B. and Ayele, A. (2015) Magmatism on rift flanks: insights from Ambient-Noise Phase-velocity in Afar region. Geophysical Research Letters.   DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063259

Lewi, E., Keir, D., Birhanu, Y., Blundy, J., Stuart, G., Wright, T. and Calais, E.Wright, T.J., Ayele, A., Ferguson, D.J., Kidane, T. and Vye-Brown, C. (eds.) (2015) Use of a high-precision gravity survey to understand the formation of oceanic crust and the role of melt at the southern Red Sea rift in Afar, Ethiopia. Geological Society London Special Publications, 420, DOI:  10.1144/SP420.13

Pagli, C., Mazzarini, F., Keir, D., Rivalta, E. and Rooney, T. (2015) Introduction: Anatomy of rifting: Tectonics and magmatism in continental rifts, oceanic spreading centers, and transforms. Geosphere, 11, (5), 1256-1261.  DOI: 10.1130/GES01082.1   

Robertson, E. A. M., Biggs, J., Cashman, K. V., Floyd, M. A., and Vye-Brown, C. (2015). Influence of regional tectonics and pre-existing structures on the formation of elliptical calderas in the Kenyan Rift. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 420, SP420-12.   DOI: 10.1144/SP420.12 

Thompson, D.A., Hammond, J.O.S., Kendall, J-M., Stuart, G.W., Helffrich, G.R., Keir, D., Ayele, A. and Goitom, B. (2015) Hydrous upwelling across the mantle transition zone beneath the Afar Triple Junction. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 16, (3), 834-846.  DOI:10.1002/2014GC005648 

Wauthier, C., Smets, B. and Keir, D. (2015) Diking-induced moderate-magnitude earthquakes on a youthful rift border fault: the 2002 Nyiragongo-Kalehe sequence, D.R. Congo (2015) Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 1-12.  DOI: 10.1002/2015GC006110